About the Plymouth Colony Plymouth Colony, the first permanent Puritan settlement in America, was established in December 1620 on the western shore of Cape Cod Bay by the English Separatist Puritans known as the Pilgrims. Plymouth Colony was an English colony in North America. Plymouth Colony: History, Facts & Religion The Founding of the Plymouth Colony. The location where the Plymouth Colony settled is large in southeastern Massachusetts. Historical Background. In 1620, the Puritans who immigrated to Holland, packed their belongings and... 3. Plymouth never grew to be as large as many of the other colonies. In September 1620, a merchant ship called the Mayflower set sail from Plymouth, a port on the southern coast of England. It was surveyed by Captain John Smith. Funding for the Trip to the New World. Plymouth was founded by people called Puritans. The city lies on Plymouth Bay, 37 miles (60 kilometers) southeast of Boston. It was settled by a group of Separatist Puritans from England in 1620. The settlers who founded the Plymouth Colony were Puritan Separatists, they are also known as the Brownists or the Pilgrims. *The Pilgrims were Christians who fled England to have the freedom to practice their religion. It was located on the site of the modern-day city of Plymouth, Massachusetts. 10 Facts About Pilgrims of Plymouth 1. Plymouth Colony was the first lasting English settlement in New England. They opposed the influence of … On December 18, 1620, the British ship Mayflower docks at modern-day Plymouth, Massachusetts, and its passengers prepare to begin their new settlement, Plymouth Colony. The Plymouth Colony was founded by the Pilgrims, a group of religious separatists... A Rough Beginning. At its height, Plymouth Colony occupied most of the southeastern part of the modern state of Massachusetts . Normally, the Mayflower’s … It existed from 1620 to 1691. They were few in number and without wealth or social standing. Interesting Facts about the History of Plymouth Colony in Colonial America *The Mayflower landed at Massachusetts in December, 1620, the survivors founded the Plymouth Colony. Plymouth Colony was the first official colony in Massachusetts. It existed from 1620 to 1691. In 1691, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts Bay Colony,and a few others were grouped together and became the Province of Massachusetts. *The settlers who founded Plymouth were Pilgrims. Many historic events took place at Plymouth Colony, such as the First Thanksgiving in 1621 when the pilgrims held a harvest celebration and invited the local Wampanoag tribe to the feast. Around 1686, a few colonies in that area were grouped together to form New England. Plymouth Colony The Virginia Company of Plymouth, a group of English merchant investors, had failed to establish permanent colonies in the northern reaches of what was then known as Virginia. 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