In particular, comparative study ofthe fossils and archaeology from Zhoukoudian Upper Cave and Xiaogushan in China (Norton and Gao, 2008b; Norton and Jin, 2009) and Ryonggok Cave are warranted. The usual cautions about the difference between census size and Ne apply, but one is left with the strong impression that western European Neanderthals experienced a major population crash during OIS 4. 2010) and may have been the primitive condition for Middle Pleistocene Homo (Arsuaga et al. Fig. Quaternary Science Reviews 25:2651–2665. Revising the hypodigm of Homo heidelbergensis : A view from the Eastern Mediterranean. Other paleoanthropologists have relied more heavily on the combination of traits in particular anatomical regions and the frequency with which the combination of traits appear across time and space, rather than single morphological characters. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 30:17–29. The result was likely relatively rapid genetic drift and population differentiation among modern humans in Africa. Stewart, J. R., and C. B. Stringer. However, Jinniushan has also been determined to be a female, based on the morphology of the pubis which displays a subpubic concavity and the “medial aspect of the ischiopubic ramus [which] is ridged rather than flat” (Rosenberg et al., 2006, p 3552). Journal of Archaeological Science 34:763–770. Evolutionary Anthropology 17:22–37. Dokchon Soongnisan, 7. Journal of Human Evolution 65:492–507. Late Pleistocene paleoenvironment of southern China: Clay mineralogical and geochemical analyses from Luna Cave, Guangxi, China. Although an estimate, the occipital angle falls between ZKD H. erectus and modern humans. U-series dating of hominin fossil-bearing Panlong Cave in Guangdong Province, southern China. heidelbergensis sensu stricto refers to a European chronospecies of H. neanderthalensis while H. heidelbergensis sensu lato is considered to be an Afro-European species ancestral to modern humans and Neandertals.. Human pelvis and long bones reveal differential preservation of ancient population history and migration out of Africa. Currently, all non‐North Korean scholars are restricted to the published literature and secondary or tertiary casts of the North Korean hominin fossils. Less pressure leads to smaller teeth and reduced masseter and temporalis muscles and muscle attachments, which ultimately leads to a more orthognathic face and reduction or disappearance of the sagittal crest (as reviewed recently by Lieberman, 2008 among others). New visions of dental tissue research: tooth development, chemistry, and structure. 1). 2003). At the higher end of estimates, Sørensen (2011) proposed a population of less than 10,000 individuals during the Eemian interglacial (OIS 5e), when Neanderthal numbers and inhabited territory may have been at a peak. (2012, with permission from Elsevier) with two periods of a wet Sahara coinciding with periods of low sea level (following Rohling et al. In this paper, I argue that climate and population genetics are linked. In many cases, the relationships are highly suggestive, but problems remain. The Chaoxian occipital and maxilla are described in detail by Wu and Poirier (1995) and the teeth by Bailey and Liu (2010). Neanderthal mtDNA sequences provide support for a late bottleneck in their population. 2012. Neanderthals may have only rarely experienced periods of population growth and range expansion. Clive Gamble and Oolda Soffer, eds. Science 334:89–94. Modeling effects of local extinctions on culture change and diversity in the Paleolithic. (2012).View Large ImageDownload PowerPointFigure 2. Fossil record of early modern humans in East Asia. Little evidence currently exists in the eastern Asian Middle Pleistocene hominin fossil record to support their assignment to H. heidelbergensis. Dali, 5. The results obtained enable us to depict an astonishing movie printed in rock, describing some body features and common moments of the everyday movements of a hominin who lived about 350 ka. In addition to the well‐known H. erectus fossils from ZKD Locality 1, a number of important Middle Pleistocene archaic H. sapiens sites exist in Northeast Asia, primarily from China (Pope, 1992; Etler and Li, 1994; Wu and Poirier, 1995; Etler, 1996). Dean, M. Christopher, and B. Holly Smith. The time is ripe for a reconsideration of scenarios for adaptive change because of the accumulation of a critical mass of new evidence from paleoecology, genetics, anatomy, and chronology. Here we determine an almost complete mitochon-drial genome sequence of a hominin from Sima de los Huesos and show that it is closely related to the … Lamb, Henry F., C. Richard Bates, Paul V. Coombes, Michael H. Marshall, Mohammed Umer, Sarah J. Davies, and Eshete Dejen. Changes in population size have predictable consequences for the expected rate of neutral genetic change. Dennell, Robin W., María Martinón-Torres, and José M. Bermúdez de Castro. The ﬁrst model describes the Chao Phraya River basin as the main conduit for the movement of hominins into the region. Drift slows in large populations but accelerates in small populations and can override the signal of all but the strongest selective pressures. Mesial‐distal/buccal‐lingual measurements for upper M1 (UM1) and upper M2 (UM2) Ryonggok human fossils (see Table 2 for raw data) compared with Holocene Chinese and different hominin taxa [MD along X axis; BL along Y axis; data for Holocene Chinese from Brace et al. Abi-Rached, Laurent, Matthew J. Jobin, Subhash Kulkarni, Alasdair McWhinnie, Klara Dalva, Loren Gragert, Farbod Babrzadeh, et al. Luminescence dating of weathered sediments from the Paleolithic site of Fengshuzui in northern Hunan province, China. It is possible that large population sizes in Africa during much of the Middle Pleistocene drove both cultural innovations and anatomical evolution via positive selection on beneficial new mutations. This gradual increase in similarity to late Neanderthals has been dubbed the “accretion model” and may have unfolded as a single, long trend or perhaps in two pulses (Hublin 2009). Arsuaga, J.-L., I. Martínez, A. Gracia, and C. Lorenzo. One prominent example of this dependence on climate comes from mtDNA intramatch distributions that show rapid population growth in Africa at ca. Shea, John J. 2012). 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