A new king is elected in Sweden in defiance of the Danish king and the Kalmar Union. Birger jarl skyddsbrev för Karelens kvinnor 001.jpg 1,789 × 992; 721 KB. DOI: 10.1029/2021EO153233 Provided by American Geophysical Union Margaret I ruled Denmark 1387–1412, Norway 1388–1389, and Sweden 1389–1412, Christian II ruled Denmark and Norway 1513–1523; Sweden 1520–1521, Albrectsen, Esben, Fælleskabet bliver til. [8] Diverging interests (especially the Swedish nobility's dissatisfaction with the dominant role played by Denmark and Holstein) gave rise to a conflict that would hamper the union in several intervals starting in the 1430s. Nominal possession. ... it does still lead Europe in naval technology. Outer part of Kalmar Harbour. Margaret promised the nobles that their political influence and privileges would be preserved; and Eric of Pomerania, who had become the king of Norway (as the “Eric III of Norway”) since 1389 with the support of Margaret, also took over the thrones of Denmark and Sweden in 1396. The Kalmar Union (Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish: Kalmarunionen; Latin: Unio Calmariensis) was a personal union in Scandinavia, agreed at Kalmar in Sweden, that from 1397 to 1523[1] joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden (then including most of present-day Finland), and Norway, together with Norway's overseas colonies[N 1] (then including Iceland, Greenland,[N 2] the Faroe Islands, and the Northern Isles of Orkney and Shetland). Från drottning Margareta till Kristian II, Stockholm: Rabén-Prisma, 1997, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 10:30. In 1944, Iceland became independent from Denmark. "The Union of Calmar: Northern Great Power or Northern German Outpost?" [4] His coronation was held in Kalmar on 17 June 1397.[7]. I spent all this time putting the Kalmar Union together and when I finally create it, I get a nice message telling me that my nice shiny new empire is forfeit and I just wasted all my gold and piety. At the beginning of the union age, Margaret won the support of nobles in three kingdoms by the conciliation policy. This massacre caused the uprising in Dalarna County. ... Norway would stay part of Sweden until 1905 when the union was dissolved and Norway became an independent country. The money was never paid, so in 1472 the islands were annexed by the Kingdom of Scotland.[9]. Although the Kalmar Union had collapsed after Sweden restored independence, but Denmark and Norway maintained the union relationship. Upon the founding, this union included the territories of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Greenland and Faroe Islands, with a total area of 1.24 million square kilometers; but the total population was only 1.5 million where Danes made up a half of it. Christian II of Denmark (on the throne between 1513 and 1523) led a strong army to capture Stockholm, the Swedish capital occupied by Swedish nationalists, and massacred a large number of Swedish nobles that participated in the insurgency. The Kalmar Union collapsed after Swedish nobleman Gustav Vasa became the king of Sweden in 1523. "The Kalmar Union is forfeit" This basically just ruined my current game. After the Northern Seven Years' War, the Treaty of Stettin (1570) saw Frederick II renounce all claims to Sweden, officially dissolving the union. At that time, the two parties shared the same enemies, the Hanseatic League and Germany, which were trying to influence Scandinavian economy. [6] After Margaret defeated Albert in 1389, her heir Eric was proclaimed King of Norway. Legally, the countries remained separate sovereign states. Kalmar Union, combination of the three crowns of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, effected at Kalmar, Sweden, by Queen Margaret I Margaret I, ... as king of Sweden dissolved the union. "A State that Failed?". This new monarch must be chosen among the sons of the passed monarch. Scandinavian Journal of History (2006) 32#3 pp 205–220. Denmark and Norway remain united, however. At that time, Albert had some disputes with the leaders of nobles. ... the terms of the Treaty of Oland (1894) Prussia became an independent country. Norway under a single leader, 1464 and 1467 Haakon VI of Norway after VI... Multiple members actively, as by disbanding Denmark annexed Schleswig and Holstein after wars! Been extraordinary Iceland and Faroe Islands and Greenland remain the territories of Denmark since.! 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