Ferenc Erkel was inspired by the Italian-French opera, Franz Liszt by French Romanticism, Mihály Mosonyi by German Classicism, and they solved their problems according to these three tendencies. Pyotr llyich Tchaikovsky, Nikolai Rimsky, Korsakov, Richard Strauss) The Romantic period of music is from 1830 to 1900. Concerto No. Erkel’s life-work, the national opera, was organically completed in the field of instrumental monumental musical forms by Liszt’s and Mosonyi’s activities. Instruments used during this time included the flute, the recorder, and plucked string instruments, like the lute. Important studies on his Hungarian works were written by Zoltán Gárdonyi (1931, 1936), Ervin Major (1939) and Aladár Tóth (1939), his art was reviewed in a comprehensive aesthetic essay by Antal Molnár (1936). Add to folder[?] Characteristics of Romantic Period Music 1. Long… The flutes would normally respond to the piano with repetition of each other melodies. Thisopposition involved the relation between music and words. In the Romantic period, these instruments diminished in popularity and the piano took their place. In addition to his work quoted above, his church and choral music is also noteworthy. He declared himself part of the Hungarian culture, not only when he was welcomed home with ecstatic celebrations, not only by his recitals in Pest, Pozsony, Esztergom, Kolozsvár or as President of the Academy of Music in Budapest, but also in his most intimate confessions, said that he belonged with every fibre to his native country, although he never spoke its language. OBSERVE MUSIC They represented the last great blazing up {78.} The improvements to the clarinet, flute oboe also took place, and pistons were developed for brass instruments. Which instrument usually accompanies art songs? Early versions of the organ and fiddlealso existed. His Funeral music written at the death of Széchényi belongs to the most considerable works of Hungarian symphonic literature in the nineteenth century. … piano. Although the time in which the principal works of Erkel were composed belonged to the past and Liszt’s great symphonic poems and piano works had no sequels, the zealous work of smaller artists and educators could still have grown into a movement of national significance if the historic and social contradictions of the period after the “compromise” had not come more and more into the open. VII. Erkel’s Italian-like melodic abundance and theatrical fantasy went along towards the creation of Hungarian heroic opera, Liszt was inspired by the burning revolutionary spirit of French Romanticism to the bold reform of symphonic, church and piano music, while Mosonyi, although the follower of German idealist humanism, built up classical forms on the one hand and pursued profound and diverse educational activities on the other. Just like Petõfi, as a young man he disregarded frontiers; just like the spirited artists of his foster-country, Victor Hugo and Delacroix, he taught European art the new idiom of unbounded passion, and lastly, like Händel or Gluck, he became one of the greatest cosmopolitan geniuses of his time. It is closely related to the broader concept of Romanticism—the intellectual, artistic and literary movement that became prominent in Europe from approximately 1800 until 1910. He has been all over Europe between 1838 and 1848 on concert tours, settled down in 1847 in Weimar and worked during the last period of his life (1861–86) in Rome, Weimar and Budapest. He started out from an international standpoint and developed towards national aims. (Bertha and Aggházy worked also for the stage: Bertha’s opera of King Matthias was first performed in Paris in 1883, Aggházy’s opera, Maritta, was written during his {79.} Erkel and Mosonyi, compared with Liszt, represented the type of artist who moved within more narrow confines, and were, at the same time, of a more resigned character. 27 No 1, Instrumental Music of the Romantic Era: The Piano and the Symphony Orchestra. It should also be noted that the 19thcentury was an innovative period in history. Which instrumental composition is associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene? Cram has partnered with the National Tutoring Association, Analysis: Concerto No. Romantic music is a stylistic movement in Western orchestral music associated with the period of the nineteenth century commonly referred to as the Romantic era (or Romantic period). 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