But when they have a dry mouth, sometimes they use cough drops and other measures to moisturize the oral cavity. Other factors that result in poor oral health include smoking tobacco and not consuming enough fluoride. What Causes Tooth Decay? Age: There are many reasons that cavities become more common with age, but some include common prescription medications which cause dry mouth, the recession of gums with age, and improper oral hygiene finally catching up with age. Your mouth is a warm and inviting incubator. Tooth decay is damage to a tooth caused by dental plaque turning sugars into acid. During tooth decay, there is gradual destruction of the hard tissues of the tooth – its enamel and dentin. Younger children should use a children's toothpaste, but make sure to read the label about how to use it. Tooth decay is a very common and dangerous disease. The bacteria in the mouth feed on the carbohydrates in the food we consume. It is impossible to avoid it. These acids are created when plaque bacteria break down sugar in your mouth. Next review due: 2 April 2022, what to expect when you visit your dentist, read about what NHS fillings and crowns are made of, tips on giving your child sweets, fizzy drinks and using bottles, tooth sensitivity – you may feel tenderness or pain when eating or drinking something hot, cold or sweet, grey, brown or black spots appearing on your teeth, reducing how much and how frequently you have sugary foods and drinks, brushing your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, root canal treatment – this may be needed to remove tooth decay that's spread to the centre of the tooth where the blood and nerves are (the pulp), removing all or part of the tooth – this is usually advised when the tooth is badly damaged and cannot be restored; your dentist may be able to replace the tooth with a partial, visit your dentist regularly – your dentist will decide how often they need to see you based on the condition of your mouth, teeth and gums, cut down on sugary and starchy food and drinks, particularly between meals or within an hour of going to bed – some medicines can also contain sugar, so it's best to look for sugar-free alternatives where possible, look after your teeth and gums – brush your teeth properly with a fluoride toothpaste twice a day, and use floss and an interdental brush at least once a day, see your dentist or a GP if you have a persistently. The decay process begins with the unnoticeable damage to the enamel of your teeth and then steadily progresses to deeper layers of the tooth, eventually leading to the pulp. Maintaining a healthy diet with proper nutrition is essential in the Sugary Foods: Sugary foods are the best friends of the bacteria in your mouth. Four things are required for caries formation: a tooth surface (enamel or dentin), caries-causing bacteria, fermentable carbohydrates (such as sucrose), and time. A vigilant dentist will work closely with a patient to prevent tooth decay or further tooth decay due to dry mouth issues. A dental sealant is only safe for uninfected teeth for the prevention of tooth decay. Eating a healthy diet, which includes healthy foods and the avoidance of sugary acidic drinks is the way to go. Causes Of Tooth Decay. Such foods cling to the teeth and provide favorable conditions for bacterial growth. Decay happens when sugars in food and drinks react with the bacteria in plaque, forming acids. They're especially common in children, teenager… These holes are known as cavities. A cavity is a symptom of a greater issue in oral health. Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment In Bryn Mawr, PA, the Art of Dentistry by Dr. Stephen J. Gershberg Google+, CPAP Intolerant Patients Find Relief with an Oral OSA Appliance, Obstructive Sleep Apnea Can Disrupt Your Life. The more sugar consumed, the more acid, which gets produced leading to decay. Causes of tooth decay. What Causes Tooth Decay? Here are some of the diseases that frequently cause tooth decay. Just as you inherit the color of your eyes and hair from your family, you also inherit deep tooth crevices and enamel issues, which lead to cavities. Fluoride helps to protect teeth by strengthening the enamel, making teeth more resistant to the acids from plaque that can cause tooth decay. Eating sticky foods, such as chocolates, could increase the risk of dental caries. What are the causes of tooth decay… If plaque is allowed to build up, it can lead to problems, such as holes in the teeth (dental caries) and gum disease. According to available statistics, almost 98 percent of the world’s population suffers from this disease. - A cavity occurs when a tooth decays such that the barrier between the saliva and the tooth root or pulp is breached. 2. It might interest you to know that 11.2% of men and 10.2% of women in the United States suffer from type 2 diabetes. But if you have dental caries, you might have: Visit your dentist regularly so early tooth decay can be treated as soon as possible and the prevention of further decay can begin. Deep Tooth Crevices and Enamel Issues: Individuals with enamel issues and who have deep crevices in their teeth are highly-likely to have problems with tooth decay. Tooth decay (dental caries) is damage to a tooth that can happen when decay-causing bacteria in your mouth make acids that attack the tooth’s surface, or enamel. Some people do not have to pay for dental treatment, including children, pregnant women and new mothers. Plaque is a sticky mixture of gelatin that contains water, salivary protein, and dead bacteria. If tooth decay is not treated, it can cause pain, infection, and even tooth loss. Tooth Grinding: Many people grind their teeth and do not even realize that they do this. Dental abscesses, which are collections of pus at … Tooth decay. Tooth decay is much easier and cheaper to treat in its early stages. Charges are assessed each year and usually change every April. They have dextrose and other ingredients that will combine with the overgrowth of bacteria and contribute to tooth decay. The pulp of your teeth contains highly-sensitive blood vessels and nerves. Close menu. So that the tooth will be decayed. Tooth decay is damage that occurs to your teeth, which can potentially result in cavities, dental abscesses, or even tooth loss. Acidic Foods and Drinks: When most people think of “acidic” they more than likely think of “soda,” when in fact many common foods which people consume on a daily basis contain acid. The bacteria in your mouth literally feed off of sugary foods, and then begin to coat your teeth in damaging acid. We just mentioned how a few medication can cause tooth dryness and create the perfect environment for bacterial growth and tooth decay. It can happen when foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches) are left on the teeth. Menu The acid can break down the surface of your tooth, causing holes known as cavities. Dry Mouth Issues: Due to the fact that saliva helps inhibit the growth of plaque, persons with dry mouth conditions will more than likely have dental issues which lead to tooth decay. Eating acid-rich foods, such as processed foods and soda. An article in the Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA) state that tooth decay occurs due to a buildup of plaque on a tooth. When there's a hole in the tooth, treatment may include: NHS charges are set by the government and are standard for all NHS patients. Although tooth decay is a common problem, it's often entirely preventable. Without treatment, bacteria will enter the pulp, the soft centre of the tooth that contains nerves and blood vessels. Major causes of tooth decay are sugary, sticky foods and beverages. At this stage, your nerves will be exposed to bacteria, usually making your tooth painful. Unlike the way that bacteria feed off of sugary foods so they can coat the teeth in acid, acidic foods and drinks immediately begin to damage tooth enamel with their own acid. Bacteria feed on the food stuck in your mouth and then excrete their waste product. What Causes Cavities and Tooth Decay? If you’re afraid of the dentist, don’t be. This can all happen in a matter of seconds and can occur several times over the course of just one meal, which is why it’s recommended to brush your teeth after each meal to eliminate acid. This is because the deep crevices allow bacteria and plaque easy access to grow. If you choose to see a private dentist, make sure to agree the cost before having treatment. Remember, sugary drinks such as juice are just as damaging to your teeth as soda. But once the enamel is weakened by acids produced by bacteria, a pit or cavity is formed in or on the … If plaque is allowed to build up, it can lead to problems, such as holes in the teeth (dental caries) and gum disease. During the examination at the dentist, your dentist will examine your mouth for any signs of tooth decay. Tooth decay under the crown. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The decay process begins with the unnoticeable damage to the enamel of your teeth and then steadily progresses to deeper layers of the tooth, eventually leading to … Genetics: Often times, many people have issues with tooth decay thanks to genetics. These acids lead to a decrease in oral pH (acidic environment) and remove minerals from the tooth enamel, causing the formation of holes in the enamel. Diagnosis and treatment. When thinking of sugary foods, you more than likely think of “candy” and things like that, when in fact, there are many foods that contain “hidden sugars.” So be careful and always be on the lookout for hidden sugars. Some oral bacteria decompose carbohydrates, turning them into acids. And remember to brush for at least two minutes. Your dentist can show you how to do this. This can lead to a small hole in a tooth, called a cavity. Tooth decay due to poor oral hygiene is avoidable. – 10 Surprising Causes. Poor oral hygiene is caused by not brushing your teeth regularly and neglecting professional teeth cleanings. The best way to avoid tooth decay and keep your gums as healthy as possible is to: Establishing good eating habits by limiting sugary snacks and drinks can help your child avoid tooth decay. While it’s ultimately acid-producing bacteria that leads to cavity formation, the most common cause of bacterial growth is inadequate daily brushing and flossing. It's also important to have regular dental check-ups. Early-stage tooth decay, which is before a hole (or cavity) has formed in the tooth, can be reversed by: Your dentist may apply a fluoride gel or fluoride paste to the affected tooth. The bacteria can cause a dental abscess in the pulp and the infection could spread into the bone, causing another type of abscess. Causes & Risk Factors of Root Decay Poor oral hygiene is the leading cause of all oral diseases and infections. Ideally, you should visit the dentist every six months for routine cleaning and an examination. Dental abscesses, which are collections of pus at the end of the teeth or in the gums, may develop. Shockingly, even foods such as fish and bread contain acid. Tooth Decay is a periodontal disease that affects a lot of Americans. The development of decay is influenced by several factors: 1. Cavities are permanently damaged areas in the hard surface of your teeth that develop into tiny openings or holes. Cavities or tooth decay are permanently damaged areas in the hard surface of your teeth that occur as softening enamel caused by acids in the surface of your teeth that develop into tiny openings or holes. It's not just sugars … It's important to teach your child how to clean their teeth properly and regularly. Improper oral hygiene will ultimately lead to tooth decay. Tooth decay can be identified by regular dental … When you consume food and drink high in carbohydrates, particularly sugary foods and drinks, the bacteria in plaque turn the carbohydrates into energy they need, producing acid at the same time. Untreated tooth decay may cause infection, extreme pain and the loss of tooth. What is tooth decay? 1. Diabetes The real cause of tooth decay… This is something that is completely out of hand because it depends on our anatomy, so be careful and talk to your dentist about your options. Tooth problems are the result of acid-creating bacteria. © 2013 - 2018 - The Art of Dentistry by Dr. Stephen J. Gershberg | All rights reserved. Dental sealants are typically used to prevent tooth decay in patients with deep tooth crevices. It might seem strange, but certain locations of your teeth may predispose to tooth decay. Poor oral hygiene. Page last reviewed: 2 April 2019 They are one source of decay but not the sole cause. Untreated tooth decay may cause infection, extreme pain and the loss of tooth. 3. Certain foods (carbs) and sugary drinks contribute to cavity formation—bacteria metabolize these carbohydrates and sugars and produce cavity-forming acids. The mouth is a window to the rest of the body and will often show warning signs that there’s something bigger going on. Dental cavities and tooth decay are the same in terms. You may wonder what the main cause of tooth decay is. As the dentine is softer than the enamel, the process of tooth decay speeds up. Avoiding the Dentist: Lastly, avoiding a visit to the dentist is not good for your teeth and will ultimately lead to future tooth decay. Tooth grinding typically occurs when persons are asleep or when they’re under immense stress. Tooth decay causes visible discoloured or black areas on the tooth. Financial help may also be available to those on a low income. Tooth decay, also known as a cavity, or cavities, occurs when bacteria living in your mouth make acid that then begins to eat away at your teeth. Causes of tooth decay – Sugars. Its actually pretty simple. Every time you eat or drink anything containing sugars, these acids attack the teeth and start to soften and dissolve the enamel. Sucking on these cough drops is not a good idea, and it is even worse If you got a dry mouth. Bacteria that normally live in the mouth change these foods, making acids. Bacteria utilize sugars like glucose, sucrose, fructose and lactose that are contained in the foods you consume. Why do my teeth decay? The attacks can last for an hour after eating or drinking, before the natural salts in your saliva cause the enamel to ‘remineralise' and harden again. However, these four criteria are not always enough to cause the disease and a sheltered environment promoting development of a cariogenic biofilm is required. With these pieces in place, Dr. Steinman then went about discovering what factors cause the dentinal fluid to flow the health-giving way as well as what causes the dentinal fluid to flow in the way that promotes decay. General causes. Tooth decay occurs when acids produced by bacteria attack the tooth enamel. Such foods include milk, soda, raisins, candy, cake, fruit juices, cereals, and bread. Dry mouth may be caused by prescription medications, it may be genetic, or it may be caused by medical conditions such as Diabetes. Poor Oral Hygiene Practices: Poor oral hygiene not only includes brushing your teeth regularly, but not flossing regularly, not brushing your tongue, and not using mouth wash. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day – morning and night, but it is ideal to brush after every meal. Regular visits to the dentist at an early age should also be encouraged. The dentist is here to help you. People with diabetes are three times more susceptible to have tooth decay than people who do not have it. Poor brushing leads to unhygienic oral conditions. If signs of tooth decay exist, your dentist will work quickly to treat the issues, as well as providing any preventive measures to avoid future tooth decay all together. Improper Nutrition: Avoiding foods that are high in sugar, high in carbohydrates and high in acid is the best way to avoid tooth decay due to improper nutrition. This involves adherence of food to the teeth and acid creation by the bacteria that makes up the dental plaque. Tooth grinding is preventable with the use of a “bite guard,” also known as a “night guard,” and with the reduction of stress. Tooth decay is caused by bacteria and other things. Helps to protect teeth by strengthening the enamel, the plaque and bacteria can reach dentine! As well as fruit juice are just as damaging to your teeth are covered with hard! 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