That being said, they do require some crushed coral and limestone in the water to maintain proper water hardness and pH. If you wish to have plants in your African cichlid aquarium, choose artificial. There are many aquarists and fish keeping hobbyists interested in setting up the perfect Malawi aquarium, and for good reason: The African Great Lake is home to more fish species than any other lake in the world, including about one thousand separate species of cichlids. It is better to heat the water up above room temperature a bit so that they can feel comfortable. Aquascape Addiction is the product of a group of aquarists that care about the passion, art, and hobby of Aquascaping. WATER: As mentioned in the introduction of Lake Tanganyika cichlids, a water temperature of 75-84°F (24-29°C) is tolerated. Setting up the perfect Malawi aquarium is an involving task, and it takes more involvement than a general freshwater community tank, but it can be a very rewarding experience for the ambitious biotope aquarist. Lake Malawi’s water is alkaline in nature; it features a pH level ranging from 7.7 to 8.6. Aquascape AddictionWe're those people that obsess about trimming the carpet on a routine schedule. | Privacy Policy | Terms of use, (you can get a small digital thermometer like this one to monitor the temp). If the water is not alkaline enough, you can use a carbonate buffer, calcium, or magnesium buffer to raise the levels and make the water harder. The males will slowly but surely kill each other in territory battles. It will also make them more active. Some species of mbuna can be quite aggressive, especially the larger varieties. Check the temperature your African cichlids will need before you bring them home. Lake Malawi is the home of more species of fish than any other lake in the world, including over 1000 species of cichlids. All content and design ©2017 Aquascape Addiction. Hop on the list to get them when we start sendin'. In general, setting up a successful Malawi biotope comes down to choosing the right rocks, layering thin substrate of sand over the egg-crate bottom, introducing a healthy mixture of smaller mbuna and large, friendly non-mbuna, and balancing their habitat with two high quality filters. We cover what we feel is the best temperature for african cichlids along with some important tank information to keep them healthy and happy. Keeping a biotope healthy, however, can be a complex process. If you insist on keeping plants in your Malawi aquarium, the only commercially available underwater plant that is suitable for a strict Malawi biotope is Vallisneria spiralis, although Anubias and Java Fern can be suitable if you are willing to bend the rules of biotope keeping. Although Mbuna and African Cichlids in general are very hearty fish, temperature will make a difference in more ways than you might know. One male to three or more females. (As well as discounts & coupons on stuff you already buy.). This is a pretty simple and straightforward topic with not much else to say about it, but as long as you keep your African Cichlids in water temperature as discussed above, all will be just fine. There are many different kinds of Cichlids out there, with African Cichlids being some of the most popular ones. Lake Malawi is the home of more species of fish than any other lake in the world, including over 1000 species of cichlids. We have also covered our top 6 plants for Cichlids on this article. It feeds by sucking algae from small pockets in the rocks. On the other hand, during the summer, the water can be as warm as 28 to 30 degrees Celsius. Once your water is prepared, you are ready to begin gathering the necessary ingredients necessary to setting up the perfect Malawi aquarium. However, with sufficient buffering the pH remains stable. Peacock Cichlids have an affinity for lukewarm water temperature similar to those they are used to inhabiting in the lower regions of Lake Malawi. It is the 9th largest lake in the world and is located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. Water should have at least 7.8 pH level, and the temperature is best at 72F to 82F. Now, if you do not want to bother with these seasonal changes, you should keep the water at around 24 or 25 degrees Celsius (you can get a small digital thermometer like this one to monitor the temp). Today we’re here to discuss the best temperature for African Cichlids. Tropical fish need warm water that’s between 78 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit (23-28 Celsius). Peacock Cichlids exhibit docile behavior most of the time. Most African cichlids do best at temperatures between 74°and 80°F. This is a complete Lake Malawi Cichlid care guide, with all related information like tank requirements, feeding, health issues, treatment and choosing the right Mbuna / Peacock Cichlid. Peacock cichlids thrive in a water-based environment that mimics the conditions of their native Lake Malawi, where the temperature is a little warmer than the water habitat of other cichlids. Cichlids entered Malawi via its tributaries, with two tribes — the tilapiines and the haplochromines — taking up permanent residence there. However, one mbuna species to consider is Labidochromis caerulus, also known as the “yellow lab” fish which is a relatively peaceful fish. Your decision about which types of cichlids to house in your Malawi biotope should reflect the setup of your aquarium: A mostly Mbuna aquarium should feature numerous rocks for the fish to feel comfortable in and use as shelter, while Non-mbuna fish will feel much more comfortable surrounded by sand and lots of open water to swim about in. Furthermore, attention must be paid to the male female ratio. Water for African Cichlids. All the Malawi Cichlids available are farm bred. Ideal Water Temperature for African Cichlids. Lake Malawi is one of the three rift lakes of Eastern Africa, along with Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria, and stretches 360 miles from north to south. *Water Parameters: A non demanding Cichlid that prefers water conditions typical of most Lake Malawi cichlids. During the winter months, Cichlids usually live in water temperatures ranging from 20 to 23 degrees Celsius. In the wild, the water temperature which African Cichlids live in varies greatly depending on the season. A heavily populated tank is a notably more peaceful one for this species of fish. Colder water will slow down their metabolism, make them more docile and calm, and help to keep your feeding bill down. However, during the cooler season, from mid-May to mid-August, it can get cold at night, and even light frosts can occur. This body of water is very consistent throughout the year when it comes to parameters and water chemistry. African cichlids need a water temperature of 75-85°F and a pH of 7.8-8.6 should keep most species healthy. The temperature of the water in the aquarium should stay between 75 to 81°F (24 to 27°C) for optimal growth and breeding conditions. Higher temperatures will require less aquarium stocking. Daytime temperatures rarely exceed 32 °C (90 °F) during the period from December to April, and are around 23/25 °C (73/77 °F) from May to August. 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