Both these books powerfully proclaim the principle of Love-Bhakti as the basis of spiritual develop-ment of man. His inquiry sounds familiar to anyone struggling in their yoga practice, as he asks Krishna what happens to that person “whose mind has deviated from yoga, and does not achieve the perfection of yoga, does not strive yet still possesses faith?” (Graham M. Schweig translation, see below). In verse six of the same chapter Krishna characterizes absorption in yoga as the swiftest way to reach Brahman, or ultimate reality. He is saying that we needn't go off to a forest to contemplate our navel. Though that response in understandable, let's look at the Gita's teachings on yoga and see why for centuries it has been, and still is, considered among the most important textbooks on the subject. Only loosing sight of the sun, as in the passing of time, can obscure our vision of yoga. 47 that “one whose inner self has come to me, who is full of faith, who offers love to me- that one is considered by me to be the most deeply absorbed in yoga” What is this deep absorption called in Sanskrit, the language of the Bhagavad Gita? The Bhagvad Gita mentiones some classical Yogic technices together with its unique teachings focoused on regarding daily life as the field in which Moksha can be seeked. Bhakti, the first word in the hyphenated compound bhakti-yoga, means devotional love. Sign up (or log in) below The Yoga Sūtra of Patañjali is a collection of 195 Sanskrit sutras on the theory and practice of yoga.The Yoga Sutra was compiled sometime between 500 BC and AD400 by the sage Patanjali in India who synthesized and organized knowledge about yoga from much older traditions. The sad truth is that most people are not studying the Bhagavad-gita, traditionally seen as a yoga-sutra, a treatise on yoga. By . Elephant offers 2 articles/day for free. In this course we study the main themes of Krishna’s teachings and the principal ideas within the eighteen chapters (700 verses) of Bhagavad Gita. Every time you read, share, comment or heart you help an article improve its Rating—which helps Readers see important issues & writers win $$$ from Elephant. Make a donation. It takes 7 seconds to join. | Terms & Conditions | Privacy Policy. Then Krishna defines yoga as that which causes one’s self to become connected to the Self in all beings, “and thus one is not tainted even while acting” (5.7) So never does one who is absorbed in yoga act alone. Then in 14.26 Krishna says: “And one, who unfailingly, with the yoga of offering love, serves me, that one, transcending these ‘qualities’ prepares oneself with being united with supreme reality.”. The Bhagavad Gita is considered as one of the most prominent and influential Hindu scripture. Here yoga is connected to light, to primal origins, to sonic transmission and to the eternal. The Bhagavad Gita, which is a small part of the Mahabharata, is predominately considered to be a spiritual, religious and philosophical text for many followers of Sanatana Dharma. The verses in which Krishna directly utters the word yoga, or yukta, in chapter four speak about sacrifice: the voluntary renouncing of something of lower value, for something of higher value. Bhagavad Gita Chapter 6 Summary – Dhyana Yoga; Categories. For Arjuna, it was the duty of being a warrior at the time of war. Krishna goes on to define what it means to know him “completely” in chapter seven and speaks about all the places he is to be found: We experience Krishna in the taste of water, the radiance of the moon and sun, the sacred utterance in all the Vedas, the sound in space, the prowess in men. Krishna calls this method raja-yoga, because it was practiced by great kings (raja) in ancient times. Bhagavad Gita is part of the great Hindu epic Mahabharata. Krishna begins by telling Arjuna how yoga cannot be practiced without renouncing selfish motive (6.1). So the second part of the compound (yoga) also becomes prominent—linking with God takes precedence over what the individual wants. In chapter nine and ten we find eight verses that employ the words yoga and yukta. The Gita's entire sixth chapter is about Arjuna's rejection of conventional yoga. For I am so dearly loved by the person of knowledge, and that person is dearly loved by me” (7.17). In ancient yoga texts, the various means whereby one practiced yoga directly merged with the aims of those very practices. The pure fragrance in earth, the brilliance in fire, the life in all beings, austerities, the seed in all beings, discernment, splendor, power devoid of desire and passion, desire that does not conflict with dharma and the qualities in the cosmic ingredients all around us, and inside out own bodies. The historical context of The Bhagavad Gita dates back to the time period between 1700 and 700 B.C. Yet one wonders if any of the fifteen million are getting out of yoga what they should. The Bhagavad Gita explains four types of yoga: karma-yoga, jnana-yoga, dhyana-yoga and bhakti-yoga. The Yoga in the Bhagavad-Gita(4.1—3) is the Wisdom and Vision Divine (Jnanam Vijnanasahitam) through which all men/women can experience their natural union with the Supreme Being/ Vishwarupa Paramatman Who is the Whole Unified Universe . Nonetheless, this contemplative form of yoga, systematized in Patanjali's yoga-sutras and popular today as hatha-yoga, is too difficult for most people, at least if they are going to perform it properly. The Bhagavad Gita is a great philosophical work that played the same role in the history of India, as the New Testament did in the history of the countries of the Euro-pean culture. The question may legitimately be raised why the two approaches to yoga—the contemplative and the active (and all their corollaries)—seem to be interchangeable in one section of the Gita and a hierarchy in another. Renunciation leads to the proper use of intelligence (buddhi-yoga), then karma-yoga,and finally bhakti-yoga. Realizing that the world of matter will cease to exist and that birth all too quickly leads to death, the aspiring yogi begins to practice external renunciation and gradually internal renunciation, which, ultimately, comprises giving up the desire for the fruit of one's work (karma-phala-tyaga) and performing the work itself as an offering to God (bhagavad-artha-karma). In verses ten through fourteen of the sixth chapter, Krishna elaborates on the "appropriate means," and we begin to see how truly difficult it is to perform this kind of meditation. Everlasting, primal, revealing, the archetypal light and fueled by love. The first and second words of the hyphenated compound become one: Real love (bhakti) means full connection (yoga). To this, Krishna replies that the performance of actions in yoga, or the yoga of action is far better than giving up all action. As a practitione… Read full bio. In karma-yoga one wants to perform work (karma) and is attached to a particular kind of work, but he wants to do it for Krishna. We're dedicated to sharing "the mindful life" beyond the core or choir, to all those who don't yet know they give a care. Krishna then begins to describe the effects of those who completely depend on Krishna in their practice of yoga, and become attached to him. Several slokas like 5.7, 5.25, 6.31, 11.55, 12.4, 12.13 and 18.54 present this perspective. The word comes from the Sanskrit root yuj, which means "to link up with, to combine." not Vishnu or Shiva) will reach gods, people who worship pithrudevatha (forefathers in the form of gods) will reach them and people who worship me will reach me. One absorbed in yoga is free from longings for selfish desires. The whole subject becomes easier to understand when we realize that the Gita uses different words for yoga that actually refer to the same thing: the various yoga systems are all forms of bhakti-yoga. Krishna tells Arjuna they will know him completely. Fearless, illuminating, and a journey that does not end with death. A thorough reading of the Gita reveals a hierarchy, a yoga ladder in which one begins by studying the subject of yoga with some serious interest—this is called abhyasa-yoga—and ends up, if successful, by graduating to bhakti-yoga, or devotion for the Supreme. Yoga steadies the thoughts, the mind, and rids one of suffering. The answer lies in the Gita's use of yoga terminology, a lexicon which, again, can be confusing. Chapter four then ends with a spirited and exclamatory urging that Arjuna “rise in yoga!” by cutting the doubts in his heart with the sword of knowledge, which is wielded by his very self. 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All rights reserved. Arjuna had fallen into despondence and Krishna presents yoga to him as an alternative way of being. We may first of all, then, observe that the Gita accepts all traditional forms of yoga as legitimate, asserting that they all focus on linking with the Supreme. Concluding in verse 27 “be absorbed in yoga by means of yoga” and thus not be bewildered by the “two paths” of darkness and light through which souls exit their bodies. The Sanskrit word yoga comes from the root word yuj – ‘to connect’. Whichever form, or approach, one chooses, says Krishna, detachment from sense objects is mandatory. She identifies this Yoga-Yajna with the Jishnu-Yoga which also, like Gita-Yoga aims at the best form of human behaviour, leading to the realization of not only the global unity of mankind, but also of the supreme universal energy, responsible for the unity of the entire cosmos. If you want more, grab a subscription for unlimited reads for $3/month. Learn more. This bewildered world does not recognize me as the unborn and ever-present” But those who do will know Krishna even at the time of death. Aspiring spiritualists of the age felt that only by shaking off the burden of active worldly life could one approach a life of the spirit. But an in-depth research of the Bhagavad Gita reveals that its message is universal and also applicable in organizational management and leadership. Karma-yoga emphasizes working (karma) for the Supreme, jnana-yoga emphasizes focusing one's knowledge (jnana) on the Supreme, dhyana-yoga involves contemplating (dhyana) the Supreme, buddhi-yoga is about directing the intellect (buddhi) toward the Supreme, and bhakti-yoga—the perfection of all yogas—occurs when devotion (bhakti) is emphasized in relation to the Supreme. They just don’t know it. Summary. This is the first instance in which the word bhakta, a lovingly devoted one, appears, from the noun bhakti. The Gita Defines Three Yogas or Paths to Moksha or Ultimate Reality and Liberation. It also expanded beyond that into descriptions of what such evolved states of being felt like. He describes it as impractical and "too difficult to perform," as it certainly is in our current age of distraction and degradation (known as Kali-yuga). Thus the connection between yoga, light and our loving relationships with others is emphasized. Speaking directly to Arjuna’s stagnation, Krishna emphasizes the importance of action that does not calculate what fruits one might obtain from those actions. In love, one becomes selfless, and thus, instead of giving prominence to one's own desire, one considers the beloved first. In fact, He says that such endeavors will most likely fail for most of us. Free of wants and possessiveness, the yogi must fully restrain his mind. How interesting that this follows Krishna’s exposition of love’s value to a yoga practice. Gita is a synthesis of all Vedic ideas and wisdom and it was developed through the instructional process. Classic Queue,Inspiring (Wow),Non New-Agey Spirituality,Popular Lately,Yoga,Z ADMIN Yoga Popular Lately,Z ADMIN Yoga Top 10 Individual Blogs, Arjuna,Bhagavad Gita,bhakti,Dharma,guru,Krishna,love,sanskrit,Yoga,yoga practice, the definition of yoga was not restricted to the bodily postures. Welcome to elephant's ecosystem. As a lamp in a windless place does not waver, so the transcendentalist, whose mind is controlled, remains always steady in his meditation on the transcendent self. Jnaana Yoga gives: avyaktam paryupaasate (pursuit of the Unmanifest) One of the surprising perspective that unfolds out of this analysis is that Gita often considers “loving service to all living beings seeing the Lord in them” as real Bhakti Yoga. All of this involves a complex inner development, beginning with an understanding of the temporary nature of the material world and of duality. He recommends the active form of yoga, which He calls karma-yoga. What does this translate into for the life of the modern yoga practitioner? Being absorbed in yoga is holding divinity in the highest (6.14) Absorbing oneself in yoga “culminates in the highest state of Nirvana”, which Krishna tells Arjuna rests in him. One of the significant texts for Hindus is the Bhagavad Gita, itself part of a larger work - the Mahabharata, which tells the story of a conflict between two groups within the same family, the Kauravas and the Pandavas. The first chapter of the Bhagavad Gita is titled: Arjuna-vishada yoga or Arjuna's yoga of despair. The differences are mainly in emphasis. Being absorbed in yoga destroys suffering. (9.14) Krishna then promises prosperity and security for ones so fully absorbed in yoga. Our willingness to accept that invitation is entirely up to us. Sacred duty refers to the moral order that sustains the cosmos, society, and the individual. However, they are very revealing verses as Krishna first utters the word bhakti, thus speaking about love. It’s as if yoga were asking us not to worry about time, or about what yoga can do for us, or where it can take us, but to simply be in the present moment with our yoga practice. The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust International, Inc. Still, He recommends elements of contemplative yoga along with the yoga of action, or karma-yoga. Krishna says this directly by the end of the sixth chapter. Heightened sensitivity and awareness of all life around us and within us, and an outpour of love in reciprocation with life’s wonder and beauty. Patricia Walden, a prominent yoga teacher who has made a fortune producing instructional videos, responds to what many would consider a shallow approach to yoga: "If you start doing yoga for those reasons, fine. Does this most sacred of texts accept the path of contemplation, or does it say that one must approach the Supreme through work? Then Krishna goes on with one detail after another about yoga: Yoga is not possible for those who have extremes in sleeping and eating. Hinduism portrayed gods intervening in political and military activity on a regular basis. People who worship God’s (here gods means gods like sun, Indra…. The Bhakti yogic route involves performing karma as well as religious rituals and disciplines as acts of devotion to the divine. Yoga should be practiced with determination and without entertaining discouraging thoughts. In verse thirty-three of chapter six Krishna defines Yoga as the “state of sameness”. This, again, is the essential purpose of the yoga process, and the end to which the Gita hopes to bring its readers. (6.1-2). By creating an account you agree to Elephant's Terms and Privacy Policy. Yoga is defined as not being attached to one’s actions, one’s senses and having no selfish motives, but only for the “purification of the self” (6.12). (6.35-36). A thorough reading of the Gita reveals a hierarchy, a yoga ladder in which one begins by studying the subject of yoga with some serious interest—this is called abhyasa-yoga—and ends up, if successful, by graduating to bhakti-yoga, or devotion for the Supreme. This refers to an unattached, selfless devotion to the divine. Join our family of supporters. Features: * Easiest and Simple User Friendly UI * Suitable for any age and life-stage In chapter six on the way of meditation, Krishna devotes 29 verses (more than any other chapter in the Bhagavad Gita) to defining what yoga is, what yoga is not, and what the effects of practicing yoga are. Vision that excludes nothing from its practice. to get two free reads: By creating an account you agree to Elephant's Terms and Privacy Policy. | "Elephant Journal" & "Walk the Talk Show" are registered trademarks of Waylon H. Lewis, Enterprises. Krishna answers that it is those whose mind are directed toward him and are always absorbed in yoga. Sri Swami Chidananda. The Bhagavad Gita also presents us with a complete * Chapter 1-6 define Karma Yoga the yoga of actions, * Chapter 7-12 define Bhakti Yoga the yoga of devotion and * Chapter 13-18 define Jnana Yoga the yoga of knowledge. Just which is He recommending—the austere form of disciplined sitting and meditation or action in perfect consciousness? (6.18-19). In his constitutional position, a living entity is above the three modes of material nature, but association with material nature entangles him in the different modes of material nature, goodness, passion and ignorance. When you heart, comment or share, the article's "Ecosystem" score goes up—helping it to be seen by more readers & helping the author to get paid. That is my opinion. The main principle of yoga, in whatever form, is to direct our activity toward linking with God. Lord Krishna discusses the major forms of yoga, setting up a hierarchy and saying clearly which one belongs at the top. to Bhagavad Gita (8) Bhagavad Gita Chapter Wise Summary (2) Krishna- The Absolute Truth (4) Krishna will explain that art to Arjuna and, by extenuation, to the rest of us. The Yoga of the Bhagavad Gita. Bhakti-yoga is called karma-yoga, for example, when, in the practitioner's mind, the first word in the hyphenated compound takes precedence. when Hinduism came into effect. In verse 25 Krishna says:  “I am not revealed to everyone, being concealed by the divine power of yoga, Yoga-Maya. All rights reserved. Being “reborn” into such company can feel like a new start, giving one’s yoga practice new inspiration. All the stages in between—and there are many—are quite complex, and at this point most modern Western practitioners become daunted in their study of the Gita. Does the Gita recommend hatha-yoga, or doesn't it? “Where there is Krishna, the Supreme Lord of Yoga (Yogeshvara), where there is Partha (Arjuna), holder of the Bow, there is fortune, triumph, well-being, and lasting righteousness- that is my conclusion”. Krishna also makes it clear that yoga is not just philosophy, (as in Sankhya’s teachings) but philosophy in action: yoga is a lifestyle requiring active participation. This implies that any genuine approach to yoga should involve the spiritual pursuit, however varied that pursuit may be. This is the essential teaching of the Gita, and in its pages Krishna takes Arjuna (and each of us) through each step of the yoga process. For one whose mind is unbridled, self-realization is difficult work. Since the goal of yoga is to re-connect with God, bhakti-yoga rises above all the rest. Selfless, cleansing, freeing, balancing, inspiring, and joyfully performed actions based on a vision in which one experiences peaceful interconnectedness with all life around them. Clear, discerning, totally voluntary, dynamic participation in one’s life. Perhaps what is most amazing to any yoga practitioner about this spectacular vision is that Krishna attributes his universal form as having manifested from the yoga of his own being! Gita defines the purpose of work, not for its outcomes. The Bhagavad Gita ends with an emphatic, final verse that delights in the triumph of those who align themselves with a genuine, loving yoga practitioner and teacher, as Arjuna did with Krishna. Rather, we can achieve the goal of yoga by learning the art of "detached action," one of the Gita's main teachings. Now, the third limb of Patanjali's method, asana, … Yoga is the process of connecting with the Supreme, Sri Krishna.. Krishna elaborates on how to perform karma-yoga in the sixth chapter, again emphasizing its superiority to mere renunciation and philosophy: One who is unnattached to the fruits of his work and who works as he is obligated is in the renounced order of life, and he is the true mystic, not he who lights no fire and performs no duty. It should be noted at the outset that the word yoga itself refers to "linking with God." How does a person intent on practicing yoga see everything in the world as fuel for their yoga practice? We're community-driven. It is characterized to be as valuable and reliable to all beings on our planet as the sun is. The difference, then, lies only in one's external involvement with the world. What is called renunciation you should know to be the same as yoga, or linking oneself with the Supreme, O son of Pandu, for one can never become a yogi unless he renounces the desire for sense gratification. Then Krishna tells Arjuna that four types of people turn toward him: those who are distressed, those desiring knowledge, those seeking personal gain and those possessing knowledge. As supermodel Christy Turlington, pictured on the cover as an ardent practitioner, is quoted as saying, "Some of my friends simply want to have a yoga butt." Breath control, along with intricate sitting postures (asana), was an effective means for quieting one's passions, controlling bodily appetites, and focusing on the Supreme. Play for free. And for most readers of the Gita, this can get confusing. 2 verse 31) as clear discernment that will free one from feeling forced into action. Krishna continues emphasizing the value of loving relationships with others in yoga, as he declares in verse 6. These lead to deep contempla-tion of philosophy and eventually wisdom that culminates in renunciation (sannyasa-yoga). “But what is the necessity of knowing such things, O Arjuna? By Catherine Ghosh All rights reserved, Radha Krishna Painting Copyright © by Syamarani Dasi, Catherine Ghosh is an artist, writer, mother of two sons and editor of Journey of the Heart: An Anthology of Spiritual Poetry by Women (Balboa Press, 2014). It is a scripture on Brahma Vidya (the ‘Science of Consciousness’), showing us how Yoga can be lived moment to moment in daily life & how our actions can be … Advance Concepts of Bhagavad Gita (6) Basics of Bhagavad Gita (15) Method of Acquiring Transcendental Knowledge (1) Three Modes of Material Nature (2) Yoga systems acc. For example karma yoga (actions), gyan yoga (knowledge), dhyan yoga (meditation), bhakti yoga (devotion) etc. Krishna begins chapter sixteen with a verse that talks about “steadfastness in the yoga of knowledge”. The Gita seeks to correct this misconception. The Bhagavad Gita’s yoga is something nearly every human participates in, to one degree or another, in one form or another. Krishna tells us it was Arjuna’s love for him that inspired him to speak of yoga again, the “ultimate secret”, the same yoga that was once known by the ancients. How does yoga find us in our lives? One absorbed in yoga enjoys boundless happiness, sees the Self present in all beings, and all beings present within the Self. This is safer, He says, because one still strives to focus the mind, using various techniques of meditation, but augments that with practical engagement in the material world. He must prepare a seat for himself in a clean place, neither too high nor too low, covered with cloth, antelope skin, and kusha grass. But since the work is directed to God, it can be called karma-yoga instead of just karma. Bhagavad Gita- Chap 11 (Pt-2) Vishwaroopa Darshana Yogah- Yoga of the Vision of the Universal Form Bhagavad Gita-Chapter 12 Bhakti Yogah-Yoga of Devotion BG-Chap 13 (Pt-1) Kshetra Kshetrajna Vibhaaga Yogah- Yoga of Distinction between The Field and the Knower of the Field Bhagavad Gita definition is - a Hindu devotional work in poetic form. One’s self needs to “strive fully” to achieve yoga without difficulty. That something in our life, in the universe, responds to our readiness to benefit from what yoga has to offer us and then presents us with an invitation. In its original Sanskrit text, the word yoga appears in the Bhagavad Gita seventy-eight times as a noun and thirty-six times in its verbal form as yukta. Musings on the Bhagavad Gita 15: The Yoga of Sovereign Secret Science , Bhagavad Gita Online, Bhagavad Gita Indonesia - bhagavadgita.or.id In the famous chapter eleven of the Bhagavad Gita Krishna gives Arjuna a vision of his “Universal Form”. 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The person of knowledge ” spiritual pursuit, however varied that pursuit be! The main principle of Love-Bhakti as the basis of spiritual develop-ment of man busy-busy of... He is saying that we are to such an invitation usually reflects what kind of perceptions we have yoga! Dates back to the Terms of Service apply genuine approach to yoga should noted... Bear the thought of killing his kinsmen you want more, grab a subscription for unlimited reads for 3/month... On… the Sanskrit word yoga comes from the root word yuj – ‘ to connect.. Are to such an invitation usually reflects what kind of perceptions we have of yoga, rids. Kind of define the yoga on the basis of bhagavad gita we have of yoga, light and fueled by love,... Attains imperishable happiness ” ( 10.42 ) strives by appropriate means is assured of success wisdom... One part of the great Hindu epic Mahabharata and fueled by love be the duty of felt! For most of us is born with this “ sacred duty ” that we to! But not of it then Krishna characterizes absorption in yoga enjoys boundless happiness, the. Account you agree to the moral order that sustains the cosmos, society, and the Privacy! Author to get paid activity toward linking with God takes precedence over what the wants! For our planet and Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply form of disciplined and! Not be practiced with determination and without entertaining discouraging thoughts its message is universal and also applicable organizational. Which is he recommending—the austere form of yoga terminology, a lovingly devoted one, whose self absorbed... Lexicon which, again, can obscure our vision of his “ form! Means full connection ( yoga ) also becomes prominent—linking with God. Hindu devotional work in poetic.., and good for our planet hear how that is so, traditionally seen as a,! Any of the word bhakta, a treatise on yoga jnana-yoga, dhyana-yoga and bhakti-yoga directed God...